Compiled Indicators

 

Philippine Tourism Satellite Accounts

No. Concept Name Description
1
Contact
The administrative placement of this statistics is in the Satellite Accounts Division. The persons responsible are:
• Chief Statistical Specialist, tel. +63 2 376-2019, sad.staff@psa.gov.ph
• Statistical Specialist II, tel. +63 2 376-2019,
• Statistical Analyst, tel. +63 2 376-2019
1.1
Contact organisation
Philippine Statistics Authority
1.2
Contact organisation unit
Macroeconomic Accounts Service
1.3
Contact name
Chief Statistical Specialist
1.4
Contact person function
Compiler
Responsible for the statistics
1.5
Contact mail address
16F Cyberpod 3 Eton Centris, EDSA corner Quezon Avenue, Quezon City
1.6
Contact email address
sad.staff@psa.gov.ph
1.7
Contact phone number
+63 2 376-2019
1.8
Contact fax number
+63 2 376-2019
2
Metadata update
 
2.1
Metadata last certified
NA
2.2
Metadata last posted
07 June 2017
2.3
Metadata last update
NA. This is the first posting of metadata following the SDMX.
3
Statistical presentation
 
3.1
Data description
Tourism satellite accounts analyze in detail all the aspects of demand for goods and services associated with the activity of visitors.
The PTSA provides a comprehensive set of information on tourism that facilitates its analysis in the context of macroeconomic accounts. It is patterned after the tourism satellite account (TSA) developed by UNWTO, UNSD, OECD and Eurostat, and approved by the UN Statistical Commission
PTSA provides macroeconomic aggregates that describe the size and the economic contribution of tourism, detailed data on tourism consumption, detailed production accounts of the tourism industries, and link between economic data and non-monetary Information on tourism.
3.2
Classification system
The International Recommendations for Tourism 2008 (IRTS 2008) and Tourism Satellite Accounts: Recommended Methodological Framework 2008 (TSA: RMF 2008) are the basic references for the compilation of PTSA. It follows the structure of TSA: RMF 2008 which starts with the demand perspective followed by the supply perspective. The PTSA tables are likewise patterned after the 10 tables recommended by the UNWTO.
The Philippine Tourism Statistical Classification System (PTSCS) was based on the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) recommended lists of tourism characteristic activities, products and durable goods, the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC), and the 2002 Philippine Central Product Classification (PCPC).
The PTSA include:
-Supply and use of Tourism goods and services which shows the output of tourism industries vis-à-vis the consumption expenditures of tourists.
-Physical/non-monetary indicators which explain the impact of tourism through indicators, such as tourist arrivals, length of stay, employment, types of accommodation and means of transport
3.3
Sector coverage
 Tourism.
3.4
Statistical concepts and definitions
Tourism as a demand-side phenomenon refers to the activities of visitors and their role in the acquisition of goods and services.
It can also be viewed from the supply side, and tourism will then be understood as the set of productive activities that cater mainly to visitors.
The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) developed successive sets of international recommendations on tourism statistics in 1978 and 1993. Recently, the International Recommendations for Tourism Statistics 2008 has been developed.
 
-Tourism is a phenomenon for which statistical representation has its particular challenges because of its special nature. Most tourism indicators have traditionally been physical (non-monetary) and have focused on the description and measurement of flows of visitors associated with inbound tourism.
-Travel refers to the activity of travelers. A travelers someone who moves between different geographic locations for any purpose and any duration.
-Travel within a country by residents is called domestic travel. Travel to a country by non-residents is called inbound travel, whereas travel outside a country by residents is called outbound travel.
-Those who undertake travel, be it domestic, inbound or outbound, will be called domestic, inbound or outbound travellers, respectively.
-A trip refers to the travel by a person from the time of departure from his usual residence until he/she returns: it thus refers to a round trip. A trip is made up of visits to different places
-An inbound trip will correspond to the travel between arriving in a country and leaving, whereas a domestic trip or an outbound trip will correspond to the travel between leaving the place of residence and returning. A domestic trip has a main destination in the country of residence of the traveller, while an outbound trip has a main destination outside this country.
-A visitor is a traveller taking a trip to a main destination outside his/her usual environment, for less than a year, for any main purpose (business, leisure or other personal purpose) other than to be employed by a resident entity in the country or place visited. These trips taken by visitors qualify as tourism trips. Tourism refers to the activity of visitors.
-A domestic, inbound or outbound traveller on a tourism trip is called a domestic, inbound or outbound visitor, respectively.
-Furthermore, the travel of domestic, inbound or outbound visitors is called domestic, inbound or outbound tourism, respectively.
-Tourism is therefore a subset of travel and visitors are a subset of travellers.
-A visitor (domestic, inbound or outbound) is classified as a tourist (or overnight visitor) if his/her trip includes an overnight stay, or as a same-day visitor (or excursionist) otherwise.
3.5
Statistical unit
For the compilation of the tourism expenditure, the statistical unit are the visitors who paid for the acquisition of consumption goods and services for own use or to give away, for and during tourism trips. Whereas for the compilation of tourism consumption which goes beyond tourism expenditure, the statistical unit are also the visitors which correspond to their monetary transactions which include services associated with vacation accommodation on own account, tourism social transfers in kind and other imputed consumption
3.6
Statistical population
All activities of visitors and their role in the acquisition of goods and services and all productive activities that cater mainly to visitors.
3.7
Reference area
Philippines
3.8
Time coverage
Annual Philippine Tourism Satellite Accounts from 2000 to 2017.
3.9
Base period
Not Applicable.
4
Unit of measure
million pesos
5
Reference period
The reference time for the PTSA is the year in which economic activities associated with visitors occurred.
6
Institutional mandate
 -PSA Board Resolution No. 01, Series of 2017 - 148: Approving the Methodology for Compiling the Philippine Tourism Satellite Accounts 
6.1
Legal acts and other agreements
-R.A. 10625: the PSA shall plan, develop, prescribe, disseminate and enforce policies, rules and regulations and coordinate government-wide programs governing the production of official statistics, general-purpose statistics, and civil registration services. It shall primarily be responsible for all national censuses and surveys, sectoral statistics, consolidation of selected administrative recording systems and compilation of national accounts.
6.2
Data sharing
- PSA Board Resolution No. 01, Series of 2017 - 148: Approving the Methodology for Compiling the Philippine Tourism Satellite Accounts
-R.A. 10625: the PSA shall plan, develop, prescribe, disseminate and enforce policies, rules and regulations and coordinate government-wide programs governing the production of official statistics, general-purpose statistics, and civil registration services.
It shall primarily be responsible for all national censuses and surveys, sectoral statistics, consolidation of selected administrative recording systems and compilation of national accounts.
7
Confidentiality
 
7.1
Confidentiality - policy
The PSA and its field personnel shall hold all data supplied by the establishments/households/individuals in confidence. The information obtained from each respondent of the census/survey or individual/establishment in administrative records shall be for statistical purposes only and not for taxation, regulation nor investigation purposes. The data shall be processed with others of the same category and shall be disseminated in summary forms or statistical tables so as not to reveal the identity of any respondent. Confidentiality of primary data collected from respondents/administrative records systems is guaranteed by Section 26 of the Republic Act No. 10625 (Philippine Statistics Act of 2013). Penalties shall be enforced to acts of breach of confidential information pursuant to Section 27 of the said Act.
7.2
Confidentiality - data treatment
The Annual Philippine Tourism Satellite Accounts is only releasing aggregates. Detailed non-published information is only available to a limited extent upon request.
8
Release policy
Rules for disseminating statistical data to all interested parties.
8.1
Release calendar
The publication date appears in the advance release calendar.
8.2
Release calendar access
The advance release calendar can be accessed in the PSA Website.
8.3
User access
Statistics are always published at 10:00 a.m. on the date of release. The statistics can be accessed on the PSA website.
9
Frequency of dissemination
The Philippine Tourism Satellite Accounts is published once a year.
10
Accessibility and clarity
Tables of the PTSA can be obtained from the PSA Website and Openstat.
Authorization to use the Philippine Tourism Satellite Accounts is granted only to the client or data user and persons within its organization, if applicable. Under no circumstances shall the client reproduce, distribute, sell or lend the entire data or parts thereof to any other data user apart from himself or that of authorized employees in his organization. The PSA shall hold the data user fully responsible for safeguarding the data from any unauthorized access or use. Before being granted access to the dataset, all users have to formally agree: 1. To make no copies of any files or portions of files to which s/he is granted access except those authorized by the PSA. 2. Not to use any technique in an attempt to learn the identity of any person, establishment, or sampling unit not identified in the dataset. 3. To hold in strictest confidence the identification of any establishment or individual that may be inadvertently revealed in any documents or discussion, or analysis. Such inadvertent identification revealed in her/his analysis will be immediately be reported to the PSA.
The mode of data requests can be done through Email, letter, phone, or walk-in. Non-published information is only available to a limited extent upon request.
10.1
News release
Annual Press Release from PSA.
10.2
Publications
Annual Publication of the Philippine Tourism Satellite Accounts
10.3
On-line database
https://psa.gov.ph/tourism-satellite-accounts-press-releases
10.4
Micro-data access
The basic material used for compiling the annual Philippine Tourism Satellite Accounts is saved to a large extent, but detailed non-published information is only available to a limited extent upon request.
10.5
Other
 
10.6
Documentation on methodology
PSA-SAD Operations Manual
10.7
Quality documentation
Results from the quality evaluation of the products and selected processes are available in the deliberation notes.
11
Quality management
PSA adheres to the UN fundamental Principles of Official Statistics in the production of quality general-purpose statistics.
The Philippine Tourism Satellite Accounts is patterned after the tourism satellite account (TSA) developed by UNWTO, UNSD, OECD and Eurostat, and approved by the UN Statistical Commission
PSA established the Interagency Committee on Tourism Statistics:
- to serve as a forum for the exchange of views and expertise to resolve technical issues and problems arising from the production, dissemination, and use of tourism statistics;
- Recommend to the Board appropriate measures and statistical policies for the improvement of statistics as well as the system of data generation, dissemination, and utilization of tourism statistics and all related indicators, including the corresponding statistical frameworks, methodologies and processes
-Recommend to the Board an efficient workable scheme for the allocation of agency responsibilities in the production, dissemination, and archiving of tourism statistics;
-Recommend measures to address evolving and emerging statistical requirements of stakeholders in the Philippine Statistical System (PSS), such as prioritization of outputs required to carry out investment and related programs set forth in the country’s national development plans as well as in the corresponding national statistical development programs;
-Review and enhance the concepts, techniques and methodologies used in the collection, processing and reporting of tourism statistics to ensure conformity with the prescribed statistical standards and classification system;
-Recommend improvements in the methodology of compiling the Philippine Tourism Satellite Accounts (PTSA) and formulate appropriate measures to ensure that its data requirements are being generated by all concerned agencies.
11.1
Quality assurance
Process Flow of the Philippine Tourism Satellite Accounts is attached to the PSA-SAD Operations Manual. 
11.2
Quality assessment
Not relevant for these statistics.
12
Relevance
 
12.1
User needs
Important users are economic departments (mainly the Department of Tourism), organizations, the press, the financial sector, larger companies, students and researchers. Annual Philippine Tourism Satellite Accounts allow for comprehensive tourism impact analysis.
12.2
User satisfaction
PSA feedback form is accomplished once the data request has been provided.
12.3
Completeness
The Philippine Tourism Satellite Accounts is in alignment with the TSA: Recommended Methodological Framework.  The International Recommendation for Tourism Statistics 2008 recommends the compilation of the ten tables. The PTSA covers only the following tables:
• Table 1 - Inbound tourism expenditure
• Table 2 - Domestic tourism expenditure
• Table 3 - Outbound tourism expenditure
• Table 4 - Internal tourism expenditure
• Table 5 – Production accounts of tourism industries and other industries
• Table 6 – Total domestic supply and internal tourism consumption
• Table 7 – Employment of tourism industries
• Table 8 – Non-monetary indicators
13
Accuracy and reliability
The accuracy of statistical outputs in the general statistical sense is the degree of closeness of computations or estimates to the exact or true values that the statistics were intended to measure. Reliability refers to the closeness of the initial estimated value to the subsequent estimated value.
13.1
Overall accuracy
The Compilation of Statistics is aligned with the updated System of National Accounts 2008.
13.2
Sampling error
For the estimation of domestic tourism expenditure, the Household Survey on Domestic Visitors (HSDV) is utilized. It covers a sample of around 18,000 households that is deemed sufficient to produce a national estimate and city-level estimates in selected highly urbanized cities.  The 2013 Master Sample for household-based surveys was utilized, yielding estimates for the country and five NCR cities namely, City of Manila, Quezon City, Mandaluyong City, Caloocan City, and Parañaque City.  The response rate of the sampled households for this survey is 94.8 percent.
13.3
Non-sampling error
 
14
Timeliness and punctuality
 
14.1
Timeliness
The annual Philippine Tourism Satellite Accounts are published six months after the reference year.
14.2
Punctuality
The statistics are published according to schedule.
15
Coherence and comparability
Coherence measures the adequacy of the statistics to be combined in different ways and for various uses.
Comparability is a measurement of the impact of differences in applied statistical concepts, measurement tools and procedures where statistics are compared between geographical areas or over time.
15.1
Comparability - geographical
Internationally there is a high degree of comparability across countries as it is patterned after the tourism satellite account (TSA) developed by UNWTO, UNSD, OECD and Eurostat, and approved by the UN Statistical Commission and the  International Recommendations for Tourism Statistics (IRTS) 2008 issued by UNWTO.
15.2
Comparability - over time
It is a fundamental idea when compiling Philippine Tourism Satellite Accounts that the figures to the largest possible extent should be comparable over time. It follows the latest International guidelines for Tourism Satellite Accounts.
15.3
Coherence - cross domain
In order to ensure that the compilation of the integrated Tourism statistics is in line with the compilation practices of other economic statistics, it was further aligned with the updated System of National Accounts 2008.
Coherence - internal
Data is internally consistent and presented within macroeconomic frameworks recognized at the international level.
16
Cost and burden
No direct burden of respondents.
17
Data revision
NA
17.1
Data revision - policy
Data revision policy. Any modifications in schedule of data dissemination, change the frequency of some indicators, etc., after review and evaluation, the PSA will recommend approval from the Board in accordance with the PSA Board Resolution on Revision of Estimates - "Approving and adopting the modifications in the Designated Statistical Activities of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas and the Philippine Statistics Authority "
17.2
Data revision - practice
The annual Philippine Tourism Satellite Accounts are consistent with the latest Annual National Accounts. 
18
Statistical processing
 
18.1
Source data
Data Sources:
• Arrival cards for volume of inbound visitors of Bureau of Immigration (BI) /Department of Tourism (DOT)
• Visitor Sample Survey (VSS) of DOT
• Meeting, Incentives, Conventions and Exhibitions (MICE) Survey of DOT
• Household Survey on Domestic Visitors (HSDV) of PSA/DOT
• Regional Travelers of DOT
• Input-Output Table of PSA
• Input Output Survey of Philippine Business and Industry (IOSPBI) of PSA
• Annual National Accounts of PSA
• Labor Force Survey (LFS)-PSA
• Census of Philippine Business and Industry (CPBI) and Annual Survey of Philippine Business and Industry (ASPBI)-PSA
18.2
Frequency of data collection
Schedule of Data Availability:
• Arrival cards for volume of inbound visitors- Monthly
• Visitor Sample Survey (VSS)- Monthly
• Meeting, Incentives, Conventions and Exhibitions (MICE) Survey- Annual
• Household Survey on Domestic Visitors (HSDV)- every three years
• Regional Travelers of DOT-Annual
• Input-Output Table- every six years
• Input Output Survey of Philippine Business and Industry (IOSPBI)- every six years
• Annual National Accounts- annual
• Labor Force Survey (LFS)- quarterly
• Census of Philippine Business and Industry (CPBI) and Annual Survey of Philippine Business and Industry (ASPBI)-every six years
18.3
Data collection
DOT provided their data on Arrival Cards, VSS, MICE, and Regional Travelers through the Satellite Accounts Division (SAD) of the Macroeconomic Accounts Service (MAS). 
18.4
Data validation
The results of the data compilation is being monitored through deliberation process:
-Presentation of initial estimates to Division Chief and Assistant National Statistician of MAS
-Documentation of issues and agreements
-Presentation of revised estimates to Division Chief and Assistant National Statistician of MAS
-Finalized estimates
18.5
Data compilation
The following are the operations performed to arrive at different tourism expenditure:
-Inbound Tourism Expenditure: sum of the product of total inbound visitor arrivals (r), average length of stay (l) and average daily expenditures for each expenditure items (e).
-Domestic Tourism Expenditure: sum of the product of total annual domestic visitor trips (r), average length of stay (l) and average daily expenditures for each expenditure items (e).
-Outbound Tourism Expenditure: sum of the product of total outbound visitors (r), average length of stay (l) and average daily expenditures for each expenditure items (e).
-Internal Tourism Expenditure: the sum of inbound (Table 1) and domestic tourism expenditure (Table 2) plus the expenditure paid in behalf of visitors
-Production accounts of tourism & non-tourism industries- the difference between the output and intermediate consumption
-Total domestic supply and internal tourism consumption- The rows of table 6 are identical to those of table 5 with additional columns on the following:
1) Tourism ratio (%);
2) Tourism share;
3) Imports, taxes less subsidies and trade and transport margins
- Employment of Tourism Industries- Number of persons employed in each of the identified tourism-characteristic industry
18.6
Adjustment
Corrections to data are made as part of the data validation processes described above.
19
Comment